Injuries to the Frontal Lobe
Due to its close proximity to bony protrusions located on the inside surface of the skull, the frontal lobe of the brain is especially susceptible to damage. A frontal lobe injury can adversely affect voluntary motor functions. The pre-motor cortex stores movement patterns, and an injury to this area can result in inhibition of movement or a total inability to move a limb.
Injuries to the Temporal Lobe
Temporal lobe damage often affects both auditory and visual perception, as well as language comprehension and behavioral function.
Injuries to the Limbic System
Injuries to the Limbic System have a tendency to cause severe emotional changes to the victim, and can also affect olfactory functions, and are often the cause of coma.
Injuries to the Parietal Lobe
The parietal lobe is crucial to sensory input and body orientation. An injury to this area can cause an inability to recognize certain sounds or smells, and can even cause the victim to be unable to use certain body parts effectively.
Injuries to the Occipital Lobe
Visual reception would be impossible without the occipital lobe. Damage to this area can cause difficulties in recognizing spatial relations or depth perception, or it could cause any number of visual impairments, ranging from blindness to seeing flashes of light. Many survivors suffer from double vision.